The Cape Canaveral Space Force Station served as the launch site at 7:08 p.m., it took off. This mission was supported by the Falcon 9 first-stage booster. Instruments aboard the KPLO spacecraft will help future missions look for evidence of ice, water, and other materials. Following stage separation, the first stage touched down on the drone ship in the Atlantic Ocean. Arabsat-6A, STP-2, and COSMO-SkyMed Second Generation FM2 were among the Starlink missions that Falcon 9 has previously launched, according to SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Launch.
South Korea’s first lunar mission is the Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter (KPLO):
It is designed and operated by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI), and it will spend a year orbiting the Moon carrying a number of South Korean experiments and one instrument made in the United States.
Development of homegrown lunar exploration technologies, the demonstration of a “space internet,” scientific studies of the lunar environment, topography, and resources, and the identification of potential landing sites for future missions are the goals.
South Korea launched for the moon on Thursday, joining the list of countries with grand space plans. Its first lunar spacecraft, known as Danuri, was launched on schedule from Florida’s Cape Canaveral Space Force Station at 7:08 p.m East time by a SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Launch. The Korean spacecraft separated from the rocket’s second stage after about 40 minutes and several engine firings, starting its journey to the moon. Joining NASA, India, as well as Chinese spacecraft which is currently exploring Earth’s moon when it will enter lunar orbit. The scientific payload of Danuri will examine the magnetic field of the moon, count elements and molecules like helium-3, water, and uranium, and take pictures of the shadowy pole craters where the sun never shines.
What will Danuri study and what is it?
The mission is now known as Danuri, a portmanteau of the Korean words for “moon” and “enjoy,” which was formerly known as the Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter. It will be considered as the first space mission from South Korea to travel beyond low-Earth orbit.
A magnetometer, which is a gamma-ray spectrometer, and three other cameras are existed its scientific apparatus. One of the cameras, named as the Shadow Cam, was made available by NASA. It is delicate enough for capturing some photons that divert off the surface. These craters, which are found at the poles of the moon, are permanently cold (below minus 300 degrees Fahrenheit), and they are filled with water ice that has built up over the ages. The ice may offer future astronauts a wealth of resources as well as a frozen record of the 4.5 billion-year-old solar system. This ice can also be taken out, melted ffor producing water, and split into oxygen and hydrogen in order to produce both air for astronauts to breathe and rocket fuel for people who want to leave the moon for other places.
What else has South Korea accomplished in orbit?
Own rockets are being developed by South Korea. Its first creation, Naro-1, was successful in entering orbit in 2013 on its third attempt. Since then, the Korea Aerospace Research Institute, South Korea’s NASA, has concentrated on Nuri, a larger, three-stage rocket. During the second Nuri flight in June, several satellites were successfully put into orbit. South Korean has a number of communication and earth observation satellites in low-Earth orbit. It also has a well-developed military missile programme.
How many nations have launched lunar missions?
Beginning in the 1960s, both the US and the USSR launched a large number of robotic spacecraft to the moon. From 1968 to 1972, NASA’s Apollo programme sent astronauts there. The interest in the moon then virtually vanished for three decades, but it is now once again the centre of attention. China has just launched several successful robotic spacecraft, which are three landers. NASA has sent a number of orbiters there and has contracted with private firms to send payloads to the lunar surface in the coming years.
India has sent two orbiters to the moon, along with missions from Japan and the European Space Agency. However, in 2019, a lander attached to the second orbiter crashed as it descended toward the moon’s surface. A different mission in 2019 called Beresheet, which was a lander made by the Israeli nonprofit SpaceIL, crashed as it tried to touch down on the moon.